From a medical history point of view, one of the most useful items within the case files are the application forms. These forms detail why it was thought that each child needed to go into care and they include information about the child's family circumstances, their living conditions and any illnesses within the family.
Every case file also contains a medical form for the child. These medical forms were filled out by a local doctor as part of the application process to The Children's Society. The forms were used by The Children's Society to determine if the children required any special care or treatment and if they needed to be placed into any particular homes for that purpose.
The medical forms for non-disabled children written before 1911 are fairly short and ask if the child had any specific diseases or if they had received certain vaccinations. From mid-way through 1911 and onwards the forms become longer and more detailed; they contain questions about very specific diseases such as tuberculosis, heart diseases and ringworm, and also state the child's height, weight and girth alongside the child's age. There were different medical forms for disabled children, in which details about the nature of the child's disability could be given.
Once the children had entered The Children's Society's care, further information as to their health was often recorded in their case files. If any child was badly ill or needed to be sent away to hospital or to another home for treatment, this was often detailed in the correspondence kept in the case file.